Ancient Sumerian Deities



By Eni Kazemi ~ September 14th, 2010. Filed under: Ancient, Ancient Mesopotamia, Ancient Sumer - .

Deity: Displays the name of the deity along with a notation of any other pantheons they belong to.

Patron City: Center of worship of the deity.
Description: A brief description of the deity’s duties.
: Symbol commonly used to denote the deity.
Relationships: Relationships with other .
Comments: Interesting side notes concerning the deity.
Also Known As…: Other names the deity is known by along with a notation of the pantheon(s) they belong to.

Legend

A=Akkadian Ab=Arabic Am=Ammonite Ar=Aramaean As=Assyrian
B=Babylonian C=Canaanite Ca=Carthage Ch=Chaldea D=Dilmun
E=Elamite Eg=Egyptian Et=Etruscan G=Greek H=Hittites
He=Hebrew Hu=Hurrian I=India K=Kassite M=Moabite
P=Phoenician Pe= R=Roman S=Sumerian Se=Semite
Si=Sidon Sy=Syrian T=Tibet U=Ugarit

The Four Primary Deities

Deity
Patron City
Description
Symbol
Relationships
Comments
Also Known As…
An Erech Great Father of the , the king of the , the of the star Husband of Antu. Father of Ninhursag, Enlil, and Martu. Son of Ki and Nammu. An was at one time the head of the Sumerian pantheon. His worship waned over time and his powers were transferred to Enlil. Anat(As,C,Ch,S,Eg), Anatu(As), Anath, Anu(A,As,B,H,Hu,S,Sy), Anum
Enki Eridu Lord of water, wisdom, creation, and fertility. Invented . Keeper of the divine laws. Created the first humans. Two serpents entwined on a staff. Warned Ziusudra of the impending flood. Son of Nammu. Father of Dumuzi, Ninsar, Uttu, Ninmu, Nindurra, and Asarlubi. Husband of Nintu. - Lumha(S), Nudimmud(B), Ea(S,A,B), Amanki(B)
Enlil Nippur Lord of rain, wind, and air. Invents tools of agriculture. Created the deluge or “amaru” to destroy mankind. Seven small circles. Raped Ninlil. Either the brother or husband of Ninhursag (sources differ). Father of Ashnan, Nergal, Ninazu, Ninurta, and Nanna. Son of Ki and An. Seceded An as the head of the Sumerian pantheon. Adad(As,B,C,S), Bel(B,S), Illillos(S), Ishkur(A,H,S), Lil(S)
Ninhursag - Great Mother . of childbirth. of the mountains. - Daughter of An and Nammu. Mother of Ninurta, Martu, and Ninkasi. Often stated as Enlil’s sister, but also as his wife. - Ninlil(S), Ningal(S), Aruru(As,B,Ch,S), Bau(A,B,P,S), Belit(B,S), Belit-Illi, Belitis, Ga-Tum-Dug(S), Gula(A,B,S), Innini(S), Ki(S), Nammu(S), Ninkarrak(B,S), Ninki(S), Ninmah(S), Nintu(S), Ninurta(A,C,S)

The Seven Who Decreed Fate

Deity
Patron City
Description
Symbol
Relationships
Comments
Also Known As…
An Erech Great Father of the Gods, the king of the Gods, the God of the Sun star Husband of Antu. Father of Ninhursag, Enlil, and Martu. Son of Ki and Nammu. An was at one time the head of the Sumerian pantheon. His worship waned over time and his powers were transferred to Enlil. Anat(As,C,Ch,S,Eg), Anatu(As), Anath, Anu(A,As,B,H,Hu,S,Sy), Anum
Enki Eridu Lord of water, wisdom, creation, and fertility. Invented writing. Keeper of the divine laws. Created the first humans. Two serpents entwined on a staff. WaIshtarrned Ziusudra of the impending flood. Son of Nammu. Father of Dumuzi, Ninsar, Uttu, Ninmu, Nindurra, and Asarlubi. Husband of Nintu. - Lumha(S), Nudimmud(B), Ea(S,A,B), Amanki(B)
Enlil Nippur Lord of rain, wind, and air. Invents tools of agriculture. Created the deluge or “amaru” to destroy mankind. Seven small circles. Raped Ninlil. Either the brother or husband of Ninhursag (sources differ). Father of Ashnan, Nergal, Ninazu, Ninurta, and Nanna. Son of Ki and An. Seceded An as the head of the Sumerian pantheon. Adad(As,B,C,S), Bel(B,S), Illillos(S), Ishkur(A,H,S), Lil(S)
Inanna Erech Goddess of love, fertility, procreation, and . Queen of the beasts. Protector of Aratta. Eight or sixteen pointed star. Daughter of Nanna and Ningal. Wife of Dumuzi. Early traditions she is the daughter of An. According to one account, she is the sister of Gilgamesh. Sister of Utu, Nanshe, Ninisinna, Ninmug, Nidaba, and Ereshkigal. - Absusu(S), Ianna(S), Ishtar(A,B,Ch,Se,S), Tamar(He), Annis(S)
Nanna Ur God of the moon. Crescent. Father of Utu and Inanna. Son of Ninlil and Enlil. Husband of Ningal. - Sin(A,B,S)
Ninhursag - Great Mother Goddess. Goddess of childbirth. Queen of the mountains. - Daughter of An and Nammu. Mother of Ninurta, Martu, and Ninkasi. Often stated as Enlil’s sister, but also as his wife. - Ninlil(S), Ningal(S), Aruru(As,B,Ch,S), Bau(A,B,P,S), Belit(B,S), Belit-Illi, Belitis, Ga-Tum-Dug(S), Gula(A,B,S), Innini(S), Ki(S), Nammu(S), Ninkarrak(B,S), Ninki(S), Ninmah(S), Nintu(S), Ninurta(A,C,S)
Utu Larsa Sun god of justice. - Son of Nanna and Ningal. Father of Mamu. Brother of Inanna. - Shamash(B), Babbar(S)

The Annunaki

Deity
Patron City
Description
Symbol
Relationships
Comments
Also Known As…
Ashnan - Goddess of grain. - Daughter of Enlil. - -
Emesh - God of agriculture. - Brother of Enten. - -
Enbilulu - Appointed by Enki to be in charge of the Tigris and the Euphrates. - - - -
Enkidu - God of land owners and farmers. - Adversary of Dumuzi. Companion of Gilgamesh. - Enkimdu(S), Eabani(S), Enkita(H)
Enten - Farmer god. - Brother of Emesh. - -
Ereshkigal - Goddess of Arallu. - Sister of Inanna. Wife of Gugalanna. - Allat(A), Allatu(A), Alukah(C), Ganzir(Se), Ningirda(S)
Ishkur - God of the winds and lightning. - - - Adad(A,B), Iskur(S), Enlil(As,B,S), Immer(S), Mer(B,S), Mermer(S), Mur(S)
Kabta - God of the brickmold and pickax. - - - -
Lahar - Goddess of cattle. - - - -
Mushdamma - God of foundations and houses. - - - -
Nanshe Lagash Goddess of ’s morals and ethics, widows and orphans, and seeks out justice for the poor. - Wife of Haia. Sister of Inanna. - -
Nergal - God of the plague, underworld, and fires. Supreme ruler of Arallu. - Son of Enlil and Ninlil. Brother of Ninurta. - Meshlamthea(S), Nirgalu(B), Gira(S), Enmesarra(B,S), Enmesharra(B,S), Ira(S), Lugalmeslam(S), Malik(S), Mekel(S), Reshef(Sy)
Nidaba - Goddess of writing and accounts. Patron deity of the palace archives. - Sister of Inanna. - -
Ningal - Sun goddess. - Wife of Nanna. Mother of Utu and Ianna. - Aruru(B,Ch,S), Ninhursag(A,S), Ninmah(S), Nintu(S)
Ninurta - God of the south wind, irrigation, copper and coppersmiths, and fertility. Patron of hunters. A warrior deity. - Son of Ninhursag and Enlil. Brother of Nergal. - Ennammasht(S), Ningirsu(S), Ninhursag(A,S), Ninib(S), Ninkilim(S), Ninsubur(A,B,S), Ninurash(S)
Ninisinna Isin Goddess of healing and medicine. - Sister of Inanna. - Ninedinna(B)
Ninkasi(Se) - Goddess of brewing and alcohol. - Daughter of Ninhursag. - Ninkas(S,Se)
Ninlil - Goddess of grain. - Daughter of Nunbarshegunu. Raped by Enlil, and is sometimes referred to as his sister. Mother of Nanna, Nergal, and Ninazu. Identified with the Babylonian god Mullitu/Mylitta. Belit(B,S), Haya(B), Ninhursag(A,S), Ninki(S), Ninlilla(B), Nisaba(S)
Sumuqan - God of plant and animal on the Sumerian plain. - - - -
Uttu - Goddess of weaving and clothing, plants, and vegetation. - Daughter of Enki and Nindurra. - -

Demigods and Heroes

Deity
Patron City
Description
Symbol
Relationships
Comments
Also Known As…
Adapa - Created by Ea to over man. Refused bread and water, which would have granted him everlasting life, and in turn brought illness, disease, and death to other humans. - - Possible source for Adam. Adapa Uan(S), Addu(Ar)
Dumuzi - Shepherd god over the fertility of plants and animals, and stables and sheepfolds. - Husband of Inanna. Brother of Geshtinanna. Son of Enki and Ninsun. Adversary of Enkimdu. Historical king of Erech who was deified. Damu(S), Tammuz(B), Ziapsu(S)
Gilgamesh - One-third man and two-thirds god. Sought out Utanapishtim for the of immortality. - Son of Ninsun and Lugalbanda. Companion of Enkidu. According to one source, he is the brother of Inanna. Historical king of Erech who was deified. Gizdubar(Ch), Izdubar, Gishgimmash(H)
Geshtinanna - Goddess of autumn vines and wine. Poetess, singer, and interpreter of dreams. Known as “The Lady of Desolation,” “The Lady of the Vine,” “The Recorder of Hell,” and “The Bookkeeper of Heaven.” - Sister of Dumuzi. Daughter of Ninsum. - -
Gugulanna - Bull of Heaven. - Husband of Ereshkigal. - -
Khumbaba - Guardian of the Cedar Forest of Amanus. Defeated and slain by Enkidu and Gilgamesh. - - - Hubaba(E), Humbaba(A,B,S), Hum-ba, Humhum, Huwawa
Kur - Underworld monster depicting the empty space between the earth’s crust and the sea. - - - -
Ziapsu - - - - - Dumuzi(S)
Ziusudra - King of Sippar who was warned by Enki of the impending deluge. - Son of Ubartutu of Shuruppak. Granted eternal life by An and Enlil. Possible source of Noah. Ziusura(S), Utnapishtim(B)
Ziusura - - - - - Ziusudra(S)

Other Gods

Deity
Patron City
Description
Symbol
Relationships
Comments
Also Known As…
Aa(A) - Moon goddess Disc with eight extending rays. Mother of Tammuz. - Aah, Aos(Ch), Iah, Khensu(Eg), Sirdu, Sirrida
Ab(Ch) - Lord of Wisdom and Father of the Waters. - - - -
Absusu - - - - - Abtagigi(S), Ishtar(As,B,A,Ch,Se,Si,S)
Abtagigi(As,B) - An evil goddess of harlots who preys on men. - - - Absusu(S), Aphrodite(G,P), Ishtar(As,B,A,Ch,Se,Si,S), Kilili(As,B)
Abu(Ab,E) - Appointed by Enki as king of the plants. - - - Elephantine(G), Elephantis(G)
Abzu - Primordial Lord of the Inner Waters. Joined with Tiamat to begin creation. Abzu eventually grew angry with the gods and attempted to stop them, but he was slain by Ea. - Father of the gods. Abzu and Tiamat created the first life forms, Lahamu and Lahmu. Derivative of the modern word “abyss”. Apsu(S), Apzu(B), Apason(B), Aphson(B), Rishtu(B), Zigarun(A)
Adad(Ar,As,B,C) - God of floods, storms, punishment, and justice. - - - Baal of Mt. Lebanon(Se), Baalsamame(P), Balsamem, Balshameme, Balshamin, Bardad(Se), Belshim(Se), Ber, Bir(As), Birque(Se), Dadu, Hadad(P,Se,Sy), Haddad(B,P), Ilhallubu(B), Ilumarru(A,B), Iluwir, Ishkur(A,H,S), Iskur(B), Jashar(He), Kur-Gal, Kurgal(C), Marri(B,S), Marru(B), Martu(S), Ramman(Ar), Rammanu(S), Rammon(S), Rimmon(As,B), Riummon(Sy)
Addu(Ar) - - - - - Adad(Ar,As,B,C,S), Adapa, Marduk(A,As,B,S)
Ahhazu(B) - Demon of disease and death. - - - Labasu
Aleyn-baal(A,B,C,P,U) - Storm and Weather god. “God of the Waters.” - - - Baal(B,P,S,Sy), Baal Hammon(Ca), Baalshamin, Ba’al-zebub(C,P,U), Bel(A,B,S), Hadad(P,Se,Sy), Marduk(A,As,B,S), Melkart(Am,P)
Alu(B) - A murderous demon who preys on humans. - - - -
Alulim - The first antediluvian king with a reign of 28,000 years. - - Alulim is the first king on the Sumerian Kings List. He is attributed with a reign of 28,000 years. Aloros(G)
Ama - - - - - Mama(S), Mami(A,B,Ch,S)
Amaruduk(B) - - - - - Marduk(A,As,B,S)
Amashilamma - A cow goddess. - - - -
Amathaounta(E) - Goddess of the sea. - - - Ashima(E,S)
Ana - - - - - Anat(As,C,Ch,E,S)
Anat(As,C,Ch,E) - “Lady of Heaven,” “Mistress of the Gods.” An Earth goddess. - Daughter of Baal. Wife of Anu. - Ana, Anata, Anath, Anath-yahu, Anatha, Anatu, Anna-nin, Annuthat, Anta, Antit, Antum(As,B), Hanata, Quadesh(P)
Anatu - - - Wife of Anu. - Anat(As,C,Ch,E,S)
Annis - - - - - Inanna(S)
Annunaki - - - - - Anunnaki(As,B,S), Ennuki(As,B,S)
Anshar - God of Heaven and Sky. - Son of Lahamu and Lahmu. Father of Anu and Ea. Wife of Ki. - Assorors(S), Shar(S)
Anshur - - - - - Anshar(As,B,S), Ashur(As,S)
Antu - - - Wife of An - Antum
Anu(A,B,H,Hu,Sy) - - - - - An(A,As,B,E,S), Ana(S), Anos, Anum
Anunit(As,B) - Goddess of the moon and of battle. Sun with eight extending rays. - - Anunitum(B)
Anunnaki(As,B) - High gods of the Sumerian pantheon composed of An, Enki, and the children of Anshar and Ki. Their palace, Diligina or Ekalgina, is located in Arallu. - - - Ennuki(As,B,S)
Anzu(Pe) - - - - - Zu(S)
Aos(Ch,G) - God of light. - - - Aa, Hoa(Ch), Oannes(B,Ch,G,S)
Apsu - - - - - Abzu(S), Apzu(As,B)
Arallu(As,B) - The underworld kingdom ruled by Ereshkigal and Nergal. The dead are judged here. - - - Anduruna, Ganzir(Se), Shualu(B)
Arazu(A) - The god of crafts. - - - -
Aruru(As,B,Ch) - Earth goddess who created the first men out of clay. - - - Belet-ili, Mami(A,B,Ch,S), Ningal(B,S,Se), Ninhursag(A,S), Ninmah(S), Nintue
Asarlubi - God of magic and sorcery. - Son of Enki. - -
Ashnan(Ch) - Goddess of grain. - - - -
Ashshur(As) - - - - - Ashur(As,S)
Ashur(As) - A warrior deity endowed with many powers of creation. Winged disk, bow and arrow, and the fir cone. - - -
Assorors - - - - - Anshar(As,B,S)
Assur(As) - - - - - Ashur(A,S)
Asur(As) - - - - - Ashur(A,S)
Azur(As) - - - - - Ashur(A,S)
Babbar Larsa sun god of Larsa. - - - Utu(S), Shamash(A)
Bau(A,B,P) - A primeval goddess of the “Dark Waters”. - Mother of Ea. - Baau(As,B), Bahu(I), Bohu, Gula(A,B,S), Gur, Ninhursag(A,S), Ninki(S)
Bayl - - - - - Bel(B,S)
Bel(B) - A title attributed to gods. It translates to “lord”. - - - Aleyn-baal(A,B,C,P,S,U), Bayl(S), Belit(As,S), Enlil(As,B,S), Marduk(A,As,B,S)
Beletersetim(As) - Scribe of the underworld. - - - Belit-Sheri(As,B)
Belit(As) - “Lady of the Gods,” “Lady of Childbirth” - - - Ba’alat, Beltis(B,S), Belit-Ilani, Belit-Ile, Belit-Illi, Mylitta(B,Ch), Ninhursag(A,S), Nintud(A,B,S)
Belti(B,P,Se) - Mother goddess. - - - Baalath(Se), Beltis(B,S), Belitis, Beltu(B,S)
Beltis(B) - - - - - Belti(B,P,Se,S)
Beltu(B) - - - - - Belti(B,P,Se,S)
Bogu - God of wealth. - - - -
Chemosh(C,E,M,Se) - Possible historical king who was deified. God of the sun. - - - Baal-Peor(M), Kammus, Kamus, Shamash(A,S)
Damgalnunna - - - - - Ninki(S)
Dagon(A,B,C,Se,U) Ashdod - - - - Oannes(B,Ch,S,G), Arotrios
Damu - - - - - Dumuzi(S), Tammuz(B), Ziapsu(S)
Dazhbod - - - - - Dazibogu(S)
Dazibogu - A solar deity. - - - Dazhbod(S)
Dilmun - The home of the gods. Possible location of Eden. - - - -
Dubbisag - An ancient Sumerian god. - - - -
Dumazu - - - - - Dumuzi(A,S)
Dumu-e-zi - - - - - Dumuzi(A,S)
Dumu-zi - - - - - Dumuzi(A,S)
Dumunzi - - - - - Dumuzi(A,S)
Dumuziabzu - - - - - Dumuzi(A,S)
Dumuziapsu - - - - - Dumuzi(A,S)
Dumuzida - - - - - Dumuzi(A,S)
Dup Shimate - The Tablets of Fate. - - - -
Duttur - Goddess of sheep and flocks. - Mother of Dumuzi and Geshtinanna. - Sirtur(S)
Ea(A,As,B) - God of the earth and waters, magicians, healers, and wisdom. - - - Amma-Ana-Ki(As,B), Aos(Ch,G,S), Dunga(As,B), Enki(As,B,S), Engur(As,B), Enki-Ea(As,B), Hea(Ch), Hoa(Ch), Lumha(S), Nadimmud(B), Nidim(As,B), Ninbubu(As,B), Nindubarra(As,B), Ninigiku(S), Ninigikug, Nudimmud(B), Nurra(As,B), Oannes(B,Ch,G,S)
Eabani - - - - - Enkidu(S)
Eannu - Anu’s home on earth. - - - -
Edimmu - Evil souls of the dead who have not received proper funerary rites. - - - -
Elat - aspect of El. - - - -
Ellat - Defender of cities. - - - Allat(Ar,As,B,Ch)
Engidu - - - - - Enkidu(S)
En-Mersi - - - - - Ningirsu(S)
Enkimdu - - - - - Enkidu(S)
Enmesarra(B) - - - - - Enmesharra(B,S)
Enmesharra - - - - - Nergal(S)
Ennammasht - - - - - Ninurta(A,C,S)
Ennuki - - - - - Anunnaki(As,B,S)
Enuma Elish(B) - Poem of Creation. - - - -
Erescheigal(B) - - - - - Ereshkigal(B,G,S)
Erishgal(B) - - - - - Ereshkigal(B,G,S)
Erishkegal(B) - - - - - Ereshkigal(B,G,S)
Eriskigal(B) - - - - - Ereshkigal(B,G,S)
Etuda - - - Father of Tammuz. - -
Ezuab - Ea’s home. Located in the city of Eridu. - - - -
Gabil(As) - Goddess of fire. Patron of metal workers. - Son of Anu. Sister of Nin-karrak. - Girau(A,S), Nusku(As,B,S)
Ga-Tum-Dug Lagash Earth goddess. - - - Ninhursag(A,S), Ninki(S)
Gibil(As) - God of fire. - Son of Anu. Sister of Ninkarrak. - Gabil(S), Girau(As,S), Nusku(As,B,S)
Gir - - - - - Ira(As,B)
Gira - - - - - Ira(As,B)
Girra - - - - - Ira(As,B)
Girau(As) - - - - - Gabil(As,S)
Gizidu - Chief gatekeeper of the Underworld. Scribe of Kur. - - - Neti(S)
Grismadevi - Goddess of the seasons. - - - Dbyar-Gyi-Rgyalmo(T)
Guhkin-Banda - Patron of goldsmiths. - - - -
Gula(A,B) - Guardian of homes. Goddess of the earth, illness, and health. - Daughter of Anu. - Gatamdug(As,B), Gula-Bau, Ninhursag(As,S), Ninki(S)
Haia - - - Husband of Nanshe. - -
Ilabrat(B) - A messenger of Anu. Sent to find out why the south wind stopped blowing. - - - Ninsubur(A,B,S), Papsukkal(S), Papukkal(S)
Ili-abrat - - - - - Ilabrat(B,S)
Illillos - - - - - Enlil(As,B,S)
Imgig - - - - - Zu(S)
Imhursag - - - - - Ishkur(A,H,S)
Immer - Mother goddess. - - - Ishkur(A,H,S)
Innini - - - - - Inanna(S), Ninanna(B), Ninhursag(A,S), Ninki(S), Ninsinna(B), Nintud(A,B,S)
Ira - - - - - Nergal(S)
Ishtar(A,As,B,Ch,Se,Si) - Mother goddess. Goddess of storms, fertility, spring, war, love, the hunt, fate, childbirth, and marriage. Personification of the planet Venus. Goddess of the underworld. Invoked as protection against poison and ill health. Eight pointed star. Daughter of Sin. Sister of Shamash and Ereshkigal. - Absusu(S), Abtagigi(As,B,S), Agasaya(Se), Ashtart(P), Ashtoreth(B,C,Se), Athar(Ab), Aya(As,B,Ch), Belti(B,P,Se,S), Bisi-Bisi(As,B), Dilbar(B), Gamlat(B), Gumshea(As,B), Hanata, Inanna(S), Innini(S), Irnini(B), Kilili(As,B), Meni(B), Minu-anni(As,B), Minu-ullu, Nin-kar-zi-da(As,B), Nin-khar-sagga(As,B), Nin-si-anna, Ninkarrak(As,B,S), Ninkasi(Se), Ninlil(As,B,P,S), Sharis(Ar), Shaushka(H,Hu), Shimti(A), Zanaru(As,B), Zib(B)
Isimud - Messenger of Enki. - - - -
Jabal - Patron of tents. - Son of Lumha. Brother of Jubal and Tubal-cain. - -
Jubal - Patron of music. - Son of Lumha. Brother of Jabal and Tubal-cain. - -
Kadi - Goddess of justice. - - - -
Khumban Elam - - Husband of Kiririsha. - -
Ki(Ch) - A primordial being. Personification of the earth. - Daughter of Nammu. Mother of Enlil. - Kishar(As,B)
Kingu(B) - Keeper of the Tablets of Destiny. Tiamat’s general in the war against the gods. - Son of Apsu. - -
Kiririsha Elam - - Wife of Khumban. - -
Kishu - Goddess of earth. - Sister of Anshar. - -
Lagamal Elam - - Son of Ea. - -
Lahamu - A primordial being. One of the first life forms created by Apsu and Tiamat. - Mother of Anshar and Ki. Daughter of Abzu and Tiamat. - Asakku(As,B)
Lahmu - A primordial being. One of the first life forms created by Apsu and Tiamat. - Father of Anshar and Ki. Son of Abzu and Tiamat. - Asakku(As,B)
Lakhamu - Lahamu and Lahmu, the serpentine deities. The first gods created by Apsu and Tiamat. - - - -
Lamassu(B,He) - A terrifying demon who preys on children and women. - - - Labartu(As), Labasi, Lamme(S)
Lamech - - - - - Lumha(S)
Lamme - - - - - Lamassu(B,He,S)
Lil - - - - - Enlil(As,B,S)
Lilithu(B) - - - - - Lilu(B,S)
Lilitu(B) - - - - - Lilu(B,S)
Lilli(B) - - - - - Lilu(B,S)
Lillu(B) - - - - - Lilu(B,S)
Lilu(B) - A demon who seduces sleeping women. - - - Lilith(He)
Lugalbanda - Legendary shepherd king of Erech who was said to have reigned for over 1000 years. Protector of Gilgamesh. - - According to the Kings List Lugalbanda was the third king of Erech after the deluge. -
Lugalmeslam - - - - - Nergal(As,B,E,P,S)
Lumha - Patron of singers. - Father of Jabal, Jubal, and Tubal-cain. - Ea(A,As,B,S), Enki(As,B,S), Lamech(S)
Mah(A,C,Pe,Se) - Goddess of the moon. Creation goddess. - - - Aruru(As,B,Ch,S), Belit-Ili, Gula(A,B,S), Mama(S), Mami(A,B,Ch,S), Ninmah
Malik - - - - - Nergal(As,B,E,P,S)
Mama - - - - - Mami(A,B,Ch,S)
Mami(A,B,Ch) - Mother Goddess, Creator of Mankind, Goddess of Childbirth. Molded men out of clay. - - - Ama(S), Aruru(As,B,Ch,S), Mah(A,C,P,Se,S), Mama(S)
Mamu - God/Goddess of dreams and visions. - Child of Utu. - -
Marduk(A,As,B) Babylon Supreme god. God of storms, lightning, fertility, and the sun. Became lord of the gods after defeating Tiamat. - Son of Ea and Ninki. Father of Nabu. - Addu(Ar), Agaku(B), Agilma(B), Amaruduk(S), Aranunna(B), Asaru(B), Asarualim(B), Asarualim Nunna(B), Asaruludu(B), Asharu(B), Barashakushu(B), Bel Matati, Dumuduku(B), Enbilulu(B), Epadun(B), Exizkur(B), Gibil(As,S), Gil(B), Gilma(B), Gishnumunab(B), Gugal(B), Hegal(B), Irkingu(B), Kinma(B), Lugalabdubur(B), Lugaldimmerankia(B), Lugaldurmah(B), Lugallanna(B), Lugallugga(B), Malah(B), Manru(B), Marukka(B), Marutukku(B), Mummu(As,B,S), Namtillaku(B), Nari(B), Nebiru(B), Papalguenna(B), Shazau(B), Sirsir(B), Suhgurim(B), Suhrim(B), Tuku(B), Tut(B), Zahgurim(B), Zahrim(B), Ziku(B,S), Zisi(B), Ziukkinna(B), Zulum(B).
Martu - God of the Bedu. Destroyer of cities and people. - Son of An and Ninhursaga. - -
Me - - - - - Nabu
Mekel - - - - - Nergal(As,B,E,P,S)
Mer(B) - - - - - Ishkur(A,H,S)
Mermer - - - - - Ishkur(A,H,S)
Meshlamthea - - - - - Nergal(As,B,E,P,S)
Mirsi - - - - - Mirsu(S)
Mirsu - God of irrigation. - - - Tammuz(As,B)
Misharu - God of law and order. - - - Misor(P,Se)
Mummu(As,B,S) - Personification of ocean waves. - - - -
Mummu-Tiamat - - - - - Tiamat(As,B,Ch,Se,S)
Mur - - - - - Ishkur(A,H,S)
Nabu - God of vegetation, writing, and speech. Maintains the records of mens deeds and produces them after their death for judgment. stylus Husband of Tashmetrum. Son of Marduk. - Nabug(As), Tigranes, Me(S), Sa(S), Ur(S), Dubbisag(S), Vretil(He).
Nah-Hunte - God of the sun and law. - - - -
Nammu(Ch) - A primordial being representing the primeval sea. The Sumerian Creatrix Goddess. “The Mother who gave birth to Heaven and Earth.” - Mother of An and Ninhursag. - Aruru(As,Ch,S), Ki(Ch,S), Ningal(B,Se,S), Ninhursag(A,S), Ninmah(S), Nintu(S).
Namtar(As,B) - Servant of Nergal who brings death and disease to man. Messenger of Ereshkigal. - Husband of Husbishag. - Namtaru(S)
Namtaru - - - - - Namtar(As,B,S)
Nannar - - - - - Nanna(As,B,S)
Nazi(Se) - A goddess created by Ninhursag. - - - -
Nebo(He) - An aspect of Marduk. God of trading. - - - Ak(A), Marduk(A,As,B,S), Merodach(A)
Nedu - Chief gatekeeper of Arallu. - - - Neti(S)
Neti - - - - - Nedu(S)
Nimah - - - - - Ninmu(S)
Nina Nina Local goddess with a temple at Nina. - Daughter of Ea. Sister of Nisaba. Mother of Ningirsu. - Ninetta(S), Ninevah(S)
Ninazu - God of the sun. - Husband of Ninsu-Utud. Grandfather of Tammuz. Son of Enlil and Ninlil. - -
Nindurra - - - Daughter of Nintu and Enki. Mother of Uttu. - Ninkurra(S)
Nineishizda(B) - - - - - Ningishzida(B,S)
Ninetta - - - - - Nina(S)
Ninevah - - - - - Nina(S)
Ningirda - - - - - Ereshkigal(B,G,S)
Ningirsu Lugash God of irrigation and war. - Son and husband of Bau. - En-Mersi(S), Ninurta(A,C,S)
Ningizzida(B) - God of the dawn and trees. - Companion of Tammuz. - Nineishizda(B,S), Unummuzida(S)
Nin-Ib(A,As,B) - God of the spring and morning sun. - - - Adar(A,Se), Nerig(B), Nineb(B), Ninurta(A,C,S), Nirig(B), Reshep(E)
Ninigiku - A title of Ea meaning “King of the Sacred Eye.” - - - Ea(A,As,B,S)
Ninkarrak(As,B) - Goddess of healing. - Daughter of Anu. Sister of Gibal. - Gula(A,B,S), Ishtar(As,A,B,Ch,Se,Si,S), Ninhursag(A,S), Ninki(S)
Ninkas - - - - - Ninkasi(S,Se)
Ninki - Goddess of fresh water. - - - Bau(A,B,P,S), Belit-Illi, Belitis, Damgalnunna(S), Damkina(As,B), Ga-Tum-Dug(S), Gashan-Ki(As,B), Gula(A,B,S), Innini(S), Ki(Ch,S), Ninhursag(A,S), Ninkarrak(As,B,S), Ninlil(As,B,S), Ninmah(S), Ninmu(S), Nintu(S)
Ninma - - - - - Ninmu(S)
Ninmah - An aspect of Mah. - - - Aruru(As,B,Ch,S), Mah(A,Ch,Pe,Se,S), Ningal(B,Se,S), Ninhursag(A,S), Ninki(S), Ninmu(S)
Ninmu - The goddess of plants. - Daughter of Ninhursag and Enki. Mother of Ninkurra. - Ki(Ch,S), Ninki(S), Ninmah(S), Ninsar(S)
Ninmug(B) - - - Sister of Inanna. - -
Nimurta - - - - - Ninurta(A,C,S)
Ninsar - - - - - Ninmu(S)
Ninshubur - Vizar of Inanna. - - - -
Ninsubur(A,B) - A messenger of the gods. - - - Ilabrat(B,S), Ili-Abrat(S), Ninurta(A,C,S), Papsukkal
Ninsun(Ch) - - - Mother of Dumuzi, Gestinanna, and Gilgamesh. - Situr(S)
Ninsu-Utud(A,B) - Goddess of healing. - Wife of Ninazu. - -
Nin-ti - One of the eight goddesses of healing created by Ninhursag to heal Enki. She healed Enki’s rib. - - - Ninti
Nintu - - - Wife of Enki. Mother of Ninmu and Nindurra. - Ninhursag(A,S), Ishtar(A,As,B,Ch,Se,Si)
Nintud(A,B) - Earth goddess. - - - Belit(As,B,S), Belit-Ilani
Ninurash - - - - - Ninurta(A,C,S)
Nisaba - Goddess of architecture. - - - -
Nunbarshegunu(As,B) - - - Mother of Ninlil. - -
Nusku(As,B) - God of justice, fire, civilization, and light. Messenger of the gods. A lamp. - - -
Oannes(B,Ch,G) - Earth deity. Gave man knowledge of science and culture. - - - Aos(Ch,G,S), Dagon(A,B,C,S,Se,U), Ea(A,As,B,S)
Papsukkal - Vizier of the gods. - - - Papukkal(S)
Papukkal - - - - - Papsukkal(S)
Pazuzu - God of wind who brings disease to man. - Son of Hanpa. - -
Rammanu - - - - - Adad(Ar,As,B,C,S)
Rammon - - - - - Adad(Ar,As,B,C,S)
Sa - An ancient Sumerian god. - - - -
Satan(A,B,Pe) - An evil underworld deity. - - - Arya Sarasvati(T), Belial(A,As,B,He), Charun(Et), Devil, Eblis, Iblis, Nergal(As,B,E,P,S)
Sataran Der God of settling complaints. - - - -
Shala(Ch) - Goddess of compassion. - - - -
Shamash(A) - God of the sun and fire. - Son of Sin. Brother of Ishtar. - Babbar(S), Shahan, Shullat(S), Utu(S)
Shar - - - - - Anshar(As,B,S)
Shullat - - - - - Utu(S)
Siduru - - - - - Siduri(As,B,S)
Siduri(As,B) - A sea goddess. - - - Siduru(S)
Siduri-Sabitu - - - - - Sudiri(As,B,S)
Sige - - - - - Zi(S)
Sin(A,B) - Moon god in charge of maintaining each day of the month. Crescent Son of Enlil. Husband of Ningal. Father of Nusku. - Nanna(As,B,S), Nannar(S)
Sirara - Goddess of the Persian Gulf. - - - -
Sirrush - A sacred dragon of Marduk. - - - -
Sirtur - - - - - Duttur(S)
Situr - - - - - Ninsun(Ch,S)
Tablets of Fate - The tablets holding the fate of the world. - - - Dup Shimati(S)
Tashmetrum - Goddess of writing. - Wife of Nabu. - -
Tubal-cain - Patron of the forge. - - - -
Tiamat(As,B,Ch,Se) - Evil primordial Goddess of the primeval depths. Joined with Apsu to create the gods and the world. Warred on the gods. - Mother of Lahamu. Slain by Marduk. - Baau(As,B), Bis-Bis(As,B), Hubar(B), Mummu-Tiamat(S), Omorka(B,Ch), Omoroka(B,Ch), Tamtu, Tauthe(B), Tehom, Thalass, Thalath(B), Thamte, Tiawath, Tisalat, Ummukhubar, Leviathan(B,U)
Unummuzida - - - - - Ningishzida(B,S)
Upshukina - The home of the gods. - - - -
Ur - An ancient god. - - - -
Ur-Nammu - King of Ur who was deified. - - First king of the third of Ur. -
Utukku - Assistants to the gods. The were called Shedu, and the evil were called Edimmu. - - - -
Vilin - Malevolent shape-changing female spirits. - - - -
Zalgarra - One of the first ancestors of man. - - - -
Zaltu(As,B) - Goddess of strife. - - - -
Zi - Nature spirits who were bestowed with individual names as they gained importance. - - - Sige(S), Ziku(B,S)
Ziku - - - - - Zi(S)
Zu - A underworld god. Stole the Tablets of Fate Enlil. - - - Anzu(Pe,S), Imgig(S)

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